SOME OF THE RIGHT PIG BREEDS A STARTER CAN START WITH
Starting a commercial pig farm with a poor breed is the wrong thing to do and would affect your return negatively because it is not all breeds of pig that are good for the piggery business.
The breed(s) you choose for your new pig farm is one of the vital determinants of your monetary profits apart from feeding and housing. When you are not making enough profits, how would you expand your pig farm and make it bigger?
Some pig breeds are poor feed converters, have low mature body weights and poor carcass quality, produce small litters and attain maturity late. These are some of the characteristics of pigs that are bad for [pig farming business. So if you want to start a pig farm, begin with mixes of the following exotic breeds of pig:
1. Large White
This breed is entirely white in color, but they have freckles (black pigment spots). A Large White pig has a moderately long head, a slightly dished face, and a broad snout. Its neck is fine, long, and evenly full to shoulders with deep and wide chests. Additionally, they have long, level, and wide back. Large White pigs possess good carcass quality. The breed is highly prolific and an efficient feed utilizer.
This breed is also white in color with freckles. It is known to have a long, deep side; relatively short legs; square ham; heavy lop ears; trim jowl. It has a leaner carcass than meat as well as less back fat and lard. Landrace breed is highly prolific and an efficient feed utilizer. A mature male weighs as high as 380 kg and a mature sow weighs up to 320 kg.
The breed is moderately red colored with shades varying from a golden to cherry red color. Duroc pig is well-known to have an excellent weight gain rate and as a high feed converter. The sow matures early and produces large litter (up to 15 piglets), and fair mothering ability. Have good carcass quality and body weights of about 400 kg and 350 kg for mature boar and mature sow respectively. They grow the fastest out of all the other breeds.
This breed is black, white belt, and muscular. The average live weight of matured male 300 kg and females is 250 kg. It is good for Bacon’s production.
It has high prolificacy, with a high weaning rate
Poland China pig is black in color with white patches on face, feet and snout. It has a large body size and floppy ears. It has strong bones and well-developed legs and feet. It is prolific (produces 16 – 17 piglets per farrow) and has good meat and carcass quality. It is also a good converter of feed to meat and attains maturity early. A mature boar weighs between 250 kg and 360 kg and a mature sow weighs between 225 kg and 300 kg.
The breeds of pig discussed above can be gotten from a standard pig farm or breeders. Although, the breed may not be pure but they would still retain most of the characteristics and qualities discussed above.
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